August 11-13, 2021
Golden, Colorado USA

First two days’ programs run from 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM; last day 8:30 AM to 12:00 PM. Breaks are scheduled in the morning and afternoon.

Day One

  • Crude oil
    The cost of crude oil is approximately 70-80% of the cost of operating refineries. Understanding crude oil reserves and characteristics is therefore important.

    • World-wide crude supply and consumption
    • Future production trends
    • Key crude oil qualities
  • Petroleum products
    This session will review product consumption trends and key specifications. Environmental concerns are resulting in increasingly stringent transportation fuels specifications, and this has a significant impact on refinery operations.

    • Product demand trends
      • Gasoline
      • Distillate
      • Fuel oil
    • Product specifications
      • Gasoline
      • Jet fuel
      • Diesel
      • Fuel oil
    • Product pricing
      • Product pricing trends
      • Refining centers
      • Import/export parity
  • Crude Oil Quality
    A discussion of crude oil composition and properties is presented in this session.

    • Crude oil composition
      • Typical elemental breakdown
      • Hydrocarbon types
    • Bulk crude oil properties
      • API gravity
      • Sulfur content
      • Distillation range
      • Other important properties
  • Refinery process technology
    Refineries are designed to match their local product market and crude oil supply. For this reason, refiners utilize a variety of process units to achieve economic viability. This session presents an overview of major process options, with a focus on heavy oil conversion options. The range of refinery process technology will be discussed. The discussion is divided into the following sections:

    • Crude Oil Separation
      • Distillation fundamentals
      • Atmospheric distillation
      • Vacuum distillation
      • Gas plants

Day Two

  • Refinery process technology (Continued)
    • Conversion Processes
      • Hydrocracking
      • Fluid catalytic cracking
      • Delayed coking
      • Fluid coking
      • Visbreaking
      • Solvent deasphalting
      • Resid hydrocracking
    • Upgrading Processes
      • Hydrotreating
      • Catalytic reforming
      • Isomerization
      • Alkylation
    • Supporting Processes
      • Acid gas removal
      • Sulfur recovery
      • Hydrogen production
      • Benzene Reduction
      • Utilities and offsites
      • Product blending
    • Other Related Technology
      • Petrochemicals
        • Aromatics
        • Olefins
      • Lube oil

The technology is described along with important feedstock characteristics and typical product yields.

Day Three (half-day)

  • Refinery types and complexity
    Refineries vary in type and complexity depending on many factors such as market demand, crude oil availability, and company investment objectives.

    • Refinery types
      • Topping
      • Hydroskimming
      • Cracking
      • Coking
    • Nelson complexity index
  • Refinery margins
    Refiners use several types of refinery margins to describe their profitability. Each of these margins is described and how each is applied.

    • Gross
    • Variable
    • Net
    • Incremental
  • Refinery Planning and Economics
    This session will begin with an overview of refinery economics modeling which involves the linear programming technique. Refinery planning applications are then discussed in detail.

    • Linear programming
    • Crude oil assays
    • Refinery modeling
    • Planning applications
      • Crude oil evaluation
      • Production planning
      • Product blending
      • Shutdown planning
      • Configuration studies
      • Technology evaluation